In the collection's first essay, developmental psychopathologist Simon Baron-Cohen of the University of Cambridge, UK, suggests that men are more interested in analysing the variables in a system to determine its rules — or 'systemizing' — whereas women are more interested in empathizing.
Baron-Cohen refers to psychological and behavioural studies that show that boys prefer certain toys and perform better than girls on some tests, and that men dominate occupations such as metalworking. These findings provide strong evidence, he writes, that men are more drawn to systems-based operations than women, and that women are more likely to prefer and be better at empathy-based activities than men. To highlight this, he notes that women's conversations involve more discussion about feelings compared with those of men.
But Elizabeth Spelke, a psychologist at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, contends that the gender gap is due to societal and historical reasons. She cites behavioural, physiological and psychological studies suggesting that male and female infants are equally interested in a variety of objects in contrast to the traditional view that girls are more interested in people than in objects ; that girls and boys have an equal ability to learn the words that represent numbers and to count; and that girls can learn to read a map as well as boys can.
Spelke concludes that core cognitive and motivational patterns in women and men are much the same and that they play no part in the smaller numbers of women than men in science, maths and engineering.
Contrary to the view of Sommers and others, Rosalind Chait Barnett, a senior scientist at the Women's Studies Research Center at Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts, dismisses the notion that women prefer to avoid science and engineering because of their gender. In their essay, she and her co-author, social psychologist Laura Sabattini, argue that academia in the United States has historically been inhospitable to women scientists.
College requirements of the mid-nineteenth century stipulated that women faculty members be single, they point out, and the twentieth century's anti-nepotism policies often meant a female scientist could not be employed at the same university as her husband.
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It is hard to believe that just 70 years ago women could not get proper work and men were not up to doing household chores and expressing sensitivity. While many aspects have evolved, the change is still happening today, so it is essential to understand the origins of this topic. In order to compose a comprehensive essay, turn to service that provides samples of relevant papers with a clear structure, introduction, and conclusion.
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Making an outline before writing essays on any topic will significantly improve their quality. Some women would tolerate the treatment that they were Gender Roles Masculinity 3 Pages.
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Gender Differences When each of us was in our mother's womb and shortly after we were conceived we did not have anything or anyone influencing the way we acted. After birth within a couple of months, although we do not remember but we can observe, our fathers and mothers were bearing an influence on our lives. While we were growing up and still to this day our surroundings influenced the way we think and behaved in our daily lives. We know people who are different in many ways and people.
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Essay about Gender Differences Words 7 Pages. Introduction Boys and girl approach life differently and therefore it can be argued that major gender differences exists, however scientific studies have prove that this difference occur mainly due to different rate of biological development, understanding this will help overcome negative impact brought about by perceived gender differences.
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For instance, understanding the nature of brain development between boys and girls is different, helps in establishing that possibly there are differences in learning style between the genders. Similarly, understanding that there is a disparity in chemical and hormonal balance between boys and girls is vital in …show more content….
In addition, it was found out that their brain developed differently. For instance, girls will have a superior language and fine motor ability earlier in life than boys because their part of brain in charge of this usually grows 6 years. On the other hand, boys will have superior targeting and spatial memory ability because their part of brain in charge of this usually matures 4 years earlier than that of girls. Difference in Learning As cited in Gurian and Steven study Positron Emission Tomography PET scans provide sufficient evidence to prove boys and girls learn in gender-specific manner.
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The the gender differences in the brain is universal. It can be observed across different cultures, races and other significant social issues. Although social-cultural issues might define and affect the roles of each gender, it is the nature of the brain development between girls and boys that largely affect their learning.
Gurian and Stevens states that by adolescent girls have larger corpus callosum, their neural connector in lobes are much stronger, their hippocambus is also large, and in addition their prefrontal cortex is not only active but also develop earlier than in boys.
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