Grey literature is a type of material produced by government departments, corporations, and other organisations that has not been published in book or journal form. It includes technical and research reports, annual reports, brochures and fact sheets, press releases, and white papers.
MLA Works Cited Page: Periodicals
Sometimes, particularly with government materials such as government reports , it can be difficult to determine who the author is, as often the author is an organisation , or government ministry rather than an individual. Often with government publications, the author is cited in the first few pages of the publication rather than on the website. If no specific author is given, then cite the ministry or department responsible for posting the report or publication. Grey literature often has identical organisational author and publisher.
Citing Music Sources (2007 version)
If this is the case, "author" is written after the place of publication to avoid duplication. See identical author and publisher for details. Ministry of Health.
Living well with diabetes: A plan for people at high risk of or living with diabetes. Technical and research reports often come with a number; if this is the case, put it in brackets after the title:. Cuisick, G. Offending during late adolescence: How do youth aging out of care compare with their peers?
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For types of grey literature aside from reports, the specific type of material is added in square brackets after the title: [Brochure], [Fact sheet], [Press release], [White paper]. Interviews that you have conducted yourself are considered personal communications. If a source does not match any of these types, it may be necessary to choose a format that most closely matches one of the other types.
The APA blog calls this a Frankenreference.
Autocite a Magazine Article in MLA Format
American Psychological Association. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed.
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Washington, DC: Author. These pages are provided as a guide to proper referencing. Your course, department, school, or institute may prescribe specific conventions, and their recommendations supersede these instructions. Have a study or assignment writing question? Alumni Merchandise Chapters Benefits more News Latest releases Research news University news more Events and key dates Albany campus Manawatu campus Wellington campus more Jobs Academic General Staff benefits more History of the University - - - more Calendar more Courses Programme search Paper search Course advice more Academic teaching timetables Timetable planner Building codes more Examinations Exam timetable Exam venues Key exam dates more Library Find information Library services Help and instruction more PhD and doctoral degree administration Doctoral handbook Administration forms Citations more Support for researchers Funding opportunities Guide to managing research Resources more Enrolment Online enrolment Enrolment forms International students more Entry requirements New Zealand citizens Australian students International students more Fees Calculator Programme fees International student fees more Scholarships and awards Undergraduate Postgraduate High Achiever more Accommodation Applications Albany Manawatu Wellington.
Albany campus Accommodation Student services Maps and transport more Manawatu campus Accommodation Student services Maps and transport more Wellington campus Accommodation Student services Maps and transport more Services for students Accommodation services Recreation centres Career Services more Sport Academy of Sport Recreation and training more Massey University. Writing objectively Writing concisely 1st vs.
Guides: How to reference a Magazine in Harvard style - Cite This For Me
Report structure Analysing issues for a report Business report What is a business report? For a newspaper or magazine title, all major words need to be capitalized. Date : In addition to putting in the year an article is published you may need to put in the month and day of publication.
The formate must alway be Year, Month day. Break the URL before a punctuation mark. Secondary Sources : You can only reference information that you have actually seen. If that book or journal article quotes another piece of work which you also want to quote, you need to cite the information as a secondary citation. For example you read an article by Sandvoss, in which he quotes Taylor "Ian Taylor's influential analysis in which he identifies hooliganism as a response to social control Sandvoss, C.
A game of two halves: Football, television and globalization.
Journal of Football Societies, 34 3 , Kurland, Philip B. Melville, Herman. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale. In the reference list, include the page range for the whole article. In the text, cite specific page numbers. For articles consulted online, include a URL or the name of the database in the reference list entry.
LaSalle, Peter. Project MUSE. Satterfield, Susan. Journal articles often list many authors, especially in the sciences. If there are four or more authors, list up to ten in the reference list; in the text, list only the first, followed by et al. For more than ten authors not shown here , list the first seven in the reference list, followed by et al.
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Bay, Rachael A. Ghalambor, Jesse R. Lasky, Rachel B. Brem, Stephen R. Palumbi, and Peter Ralph. Articles from newspapers or news sites, magazines, blogs, and the like are cited similarly. In the reference list, it can be helpful to repeat the year with sources that are cited also by month and day. Page numbers, if any, can be cited in the text but are omitted from a reference list entry. If you consulted the article online, include a URL or the name of the database.
Manjoo, Farhad. Mead, Rebecca. Pai, Tanya. Pegoraro, Rob. LexisNexis Academic. For more examples, see
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